**MATHEMATICS**

**Mathematics Program Structure**

**2002-2003****MATH 8 (CORE)**

This preparatory course is designed for those students who have displayed weaknesses in Math. The course covers Math fundamentals. Upon completion of this course, students may enroll in regular Math 8, or consider Math 9 (Core.)

**MATHEMATICS 8**

The new Math 8 course consists of five major strands: number operations, probability and data analysis, algebra, geometry and measurement. Students are expected to use a calculator to assist them with their calculations for most topics in this course.

**Textbook: ** Mathpower Eight, McGraw-Hill Ryerson

**MATHEMATICS 8A ****(Accelerated)**

Students in MA 8A will briefly cover most MA 8 topics and then extend them into MA 9. All MA 9 topics will be covered thoroughly. Students are expected to participate in various math contests at the appropriate level. On completion of MA 8A, students will be placed in MA l0 or MA l0E.

**MATHEMATICS 9/9E (Enriched) **

This course reviews arithmetic skills, provides for additional understanding of real numbers and the associated algebra, graph-ing in two dimensions, solving equations and formulas, extends geometric concepts, examines applications of numbers, algebra, and geometry, and has emphasis on problem-solving. Students in the Enriched level are expected to complete enrichment work and to participate in various Math contests. Students who achieve A or B in Math 8 may elect to take .Math 9E.

**Prerequisite: MA 8 **

**MATHEMATICS 9 ****(CORE)**

The course will cover many of the same topics as Mathematics 9 however at a lower level of understanding. All basic number operations will be reviewed and consolidated. A student who successfully completes Math 9 (Core) may enroll in Essentials of Math 10

**PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 10/10E (Enriched)**

Topics covered include number sequences, real numbers, exponents and radicals, coordinate geometry, functions, polynomials, rational expressions, deductive reasoning, trigonometry, statistics and probability. Students in the enriched program are expected to complete enrichment work and to participate in various math contests.

**ESSENTIALS OF MATH 10**

Topics include problem-solving, personal banking, wages, salaries and expense, spreadsheets, rate, ratio and proportion, trigonometry, measurement, geometry project, probability and sampling. Students successfully completing Essentials of Math 10 will continue with Essentials of Math 11.

**PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 11/11E (Enriched) **

Topics covered include mathematics of finance, quadratic functions, polynomial and rational functions, analysis of equations and inequalities, systems of equations and inequations, reasoning and geometry, properties of angles, chords and circles and coordinate geometry and trigonometry. Students in the enriched program are expected to complete enrichment work and to participate in various math contests.

**ESSENTIALS OF MATHEMATICS 11**

Topics include problem solving, relations and formulas, income and debt, data analysis, measurement technology, owning and operating a vehicle, personal income tax, applications of probability and preparing a business plan. The course is consumer-oriented and is designed to assist students in day-to-day mathematical tasks.

**PRINCIPLES OF MATHEMATICS 12/12E (Enriched) **

Topics covered include transformations of functions, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions, trigonometric equations and identities, permutations and combinations, probability, statistics and conic sections.

Students in the enriched program are expected to complete enrichment work and to participate in various math contests. Principles of Math 12 is a provincially examinable course.

**CALCULUS 12**

Topics covered include problem-solving, overview and history of Calculus, functions, graphs and limits, derivatives, antiderivatives and applications of derivatives and antiderivatives. Students who plan on taking Calculus 12 (which is only offered 2nd semester) must have completed Principles of Math 12 in the 1st semester.